Jordan is an Arab country in the Levant region of Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the north-east, Syria to the north, and Israel and the Palestinian Territories to the west. The Dead Sea lies along its western borders and the country has a small shoreline on the Red Sea in its extreme south-west. Jordan is strategically located at the crossroads of Asia, Africa, and Europe. The capital, Amman, is Jordan’s most populous city and the country’s economic, political and cultural center.
1. The Dead Sea:
The Dead Sea is an endorheic salt lake bordered by Jordan to the east and Israel and the West Bank to the west. Its surface and shores are 430.5 meters (1,412 ft) below sea level, Earth’s lowest elevation on land. The Dead Sea is 304 m (997 ft) deep, the deepest hypersaline lake in the world. With 34.2% salinity (35 grams of salt per liter of water), it is also one of the world’s saltiest bodies of water.
2. Wadi Rum:
Wadi Rum is a valley cut into the sandstone and granite rock in southwest Jordan 60 km (37 mi) to the east of the Dead Sea and north of the Arabian Desert. It is the largest valley in the Rum area. Wadi Rum has been inhabited by many human cultures since prehistoric times, with many cultures–including the Nabateans–leaving their mark in the form of rock paintings, graffiti, temples, and other structures.
Petra is a historical and archaeological city in southern Jordan. The city is famous for its rock-cut architecture and water conduit system. Another name for Petra is Rose City due to the color of the stone out of which it is carved. Established sometime around the 6th century BC as the capital city of the Nabatean Kingdom, Petra flourished as a trade center because of its location linking the Arabian Peninsula with the Mediterranean. It was later annexed by the Roman Empire and became a prosperous provincial capital.
4. The Dana Biosphere Reserve:
The Dana Biosphere Reserve is a nature reserve in southwestern Jordan. It is the largest nature reserve in Jordan and the Arab World. The Dana Biosphere Reserve is home to a wide variety of plants and animals. More than 1,200 plant species, 32 mammal species, and reptiles have been recorded in the reserve.
Al-Karak is a city in Jordan located west of the capital Amman. It is the capital of Al-Karak Governorate. Al-Karak has a population of 20,039 (2010 census). It is built atop a hill on the left bank of the Zarqa River. The castle of Al-Karak is one of the largest castles in the Levant. The site was occupied from the Late Bronze Age and became an important city during the Iron Age.
6. The Mujib Nature Reserve:
The Mujib Nature Reserve is a protected area in Jordan. It was established in 1987 and covers an area of 312 square kilometers. The reserve is located at the southern end of the Jordan Rift Valley and includes the Mujib River. It is the lowest nature reserve in the world, with an elevation of 400 meters below sea level.
7. The King’s Highway:
The King’s Highway is an ancient trade route that stretches for about 1,300 kilometers from Jordan to Saudi Arabia. The route was used by caravans carrying frankincense and other luxury goods. It is known for its dramatic landscapes and is now a popular tourist destination.
8. The Red Sea:
The Red Sea is a seawater inlet of the Indian Ocean, lying between Africa and Asia. The connection to the ocean is in the south through the Bab el Mandeb strait and the Gulf of Aden. To the north lie the Sinai Peninsula, the Gulf of Aqaba, and the Gulf of Suez. The Red Sea is one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes, as it connects the eastern Mediterranean with the Arabian Sea and Asia.
9. Mount Nebo:
Mount Nebo is an elevated ridge in Jordan, approximately 817 meters above sea level, mentioned in the Hebrew Bible as the place where Moses was granted a view of the Promised Land. Today, it is a major tourist site located in Madaba Governorate. Mount Nebo is one of the most venerated religious sites in Christianity.
10. The Jordan River:
The Jordan River is a 251-kilometer-long river in the Middle East that flows roughly north to south through the Sea of Galilee and onto the Dead Sea. Its major tributaries include the Yarmouk River and the Dan River. The Jordan River is an important source of water for irrigation and also provides water for domestic use.